The Guarani-Kaiowá is an indigenous population living in the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso do Sul. In the past, they were pushed off their traditional lands to make way for large agricultural plantations and cattle raising, notwithstanding national law which stipulates demarcation of indigenous lands. On October 7, 2009, the Ministry of Justice declared the permanent ownership of an area of around 11,000 hectares to the indigenous group Guyraroká. This decision is a step forward in the process of guaranteeing the human right to food of the 130 indigenous people, however is yet to be sanctioned by the President and duly implemented.

An international Urgent Action has been launched to implement the decision as soon as possible.

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